Named after Samuel Morse, an American painter. "

Botjer, George F.

docID=4086438&ppg=1 accessed 5 May 2020

*Morse code initially involved patterns of dots with measured spaces in between that would equate to letter of the alphabet. In 1838, the spaces were replaced by dash marks. These allowed an infinite variety of dot-dash combinations, which made it easier to cover the whole alphabet and punctuation marks (also expressed in dot-dash) in a way that was clearly legible.*

Recent literature has pointed out that the dot-dash system is the same as the zero-one system that is the basis of today's binary or digital communications. The idea of binary combinations can actually be dated back to the ancient Greeks, but the first serious elaboration of a binary system dates from Morse's lifetime - 1854 - when a mathematician named George Boole wrote about the infinite numerical combinations that could be derived from just two digits. Both work in the same way, and able an infinite number of combinations. In 1948, a mathematician named Claude Shannon, working at Bell Laboratories, determined the same thing on his own - he called the 0-1 pairing a "bit", and concluded that it was the basis of all communication. The subsequent programming of digital electronic appliances of all kinds, moreover, is fully compatible with the physical (positive-negative properties of electro-magnetism.

Morse had a volunteer assistant by this time - a student named Alfred Vail who was taking art classes to improve his skills at mechanical drawing...It may have been Vail's idea to rank the letters of the alphabet from the most to least used, by the simple expediency of visiting a few pint shops, and counting the contents of their letter trays. (There was a separate try for each letter.) The aim here was to sign the shortest dot-dash codes to the most frequently sed letters. This would speed up both transmitting and decoding."Recent literature has pointed out that the dot-dash system is the same as the zero-one system that is the basis of today's binary or digital communications. The idea of binary combinations can actually be dated back to the ancient Greeks, but the first serious elaboration of a binary system dates from Morse's lifetime - 1854 - when a mathematician named George Boole wrote about the infinite numerical combinations that could be derived from just two digits. Both work in the same way, and able an infinite number of combinations. In 1948, a mathematician named Claude Shannon, working at Bell Laboratories, determined the same thing on his own - he called the 0-1 pairing a "bit", and concluded that it was the basis of all communication. The subsequent programming of digital electronic appliances of all kinds, moreover, is fully compatible with the physical (positive-negative properties of electro-magnetism.

Morse had a volunteer assistant by this time - a student named Alfred Vail who was taking art classes to improve his skills at mechanical drawing...It may have been Vail's idea to rank the letters of the alphabet from the most to least used, by the simple expediency of visiting a few pint shops, and counting the contents of their letter trays. (There was a separate try for each letter.) The aim here was to sign the shortest dot-dash codes to the most frequently sed letters. This would speed up both transmitting and decoding."

Botjer, George F.

*Samuel F. B. Morse and the Dawn of the Age of Electricity*,*Chapter 2, Starving Artist Invents Telegraph in Greenwich Village Garret*pp.21-37 Lexington Books, 2015. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/canterbury/detail.action?docID=4086438.https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/canterbury/reader.action?docID=4086438&ppg=1 accessed 5 May 2020